Uganda is a landlocked country astride the equator, about 800 kilometers inland from the Indian Ocean. It lies on the northwestern shores of Lake Victoria, extending from 1 south to 4 north latitude and 30 to 35 east longitude. Uganda is bordered by Tanzania and Rwanda to the south, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to the west, Sudan to the north, and Kenya to the east. With a land surface of 241,139 square kilometers, Uganda occupies most of the Lake Victoria Basin, which was formed by the geological shifts that created the Rift Valley during the Pleistocene era.
The Ssese Islands and other small islands in Lake Victoria also lie within Uganda's borders. Ecologically, Uganda is where the East African Savannah meets the West African jungle. Weather and Climate Uganda has the gift of holiday weather year around. There are two reasons, one is its location on the equator and the other is its elevation. Both of these give Uganda the gift of perfect weather. The majority of the country has a tropical climate which varies according to altitude; during the year the hottest months are from December to February when the temperature reaches 29 degrees Celsius while rainy seasons are from April to May and October to November; with the wettest month being April. Even during the two rainy seasons, the sun is out most of the time and rain often occurs with a most delightful thunderstorm and when it rains, it pours but soon the sun's rays have dried up the earth once again.
Temperatures in some parts of the country can be quite cool owing to the country’s high altitude, despite its position on the equator. The mountain areas become much cooler and the tops of Mount Elgon and Rwenzori Mountains are often covered in snow. Other parts of the country are much warmer. Tourism Uganda is a fast growing tourist destination gifted by nature together with its growing stability and hospitable communities. It continues to offer its competitively priced and high quality range of wildlife products offering an awesome experience. The development of tourism and leisure has been enhanced by effective promotion, of both the destination and products offered by government and specific businesses.
Establishment of awareness programs, qualified, trained and skilled human resources, improved and stronger tourism administration, investment in the tourism sector and associated products (attractions, entertainment, shopping, etc), enhancing marketing methods and development of basic facilities, social services and proper infrastructure. Wildlife Tourism While the cultural diversity and effortless warmth of Ugandan people are remarked upon by all who visit the country, most itineraries revolve around the protected areas under the direction of Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA).
These are magnificent, encompassing not only conventional Savannah- mesmerizing tracts of African bush teeming with antelope, buffalo, elephant, giraffe, zebra, forest hogs and big cats – but also the snow capped peaks of Africa’s tallest range of mountains, tropical rain forests of mind boggling biodiversity, and atmospheric lakes and rivers heaving with hippos, crocodiles and birds. As yet untouched by mass tourism, Uganda’s parks are ideal retreats for the discerning eco-tourist. Uganda is the world’s premier primate viewing destination, home to half of the world’s mountain gorillas, large populations of chimpanzees and a dazzling variety of monkeys. For bird lovers, Uganda is practically peerless: it is the only African country that has a record of more than 1000 bird species. Each park offers a memorable experience!